TPR is an acronyms that stands for Total Physical Response. It is a method used in teaching that involves the use of physical movement to help students learn.
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What is TPR?
TPR, or total physical response, is a language teaching method built around the coordination of speech and movement. It was developed by James Asher, a professor of psychology at San Jose State University in the United States, in the 1960s. The TPR method is also known as the kinesthetic approach to learning.
In TPR, instructions are given to students in the form of commands that are intended to elicit a physical response. For example, a teacher might say “Stand up!” or “Touch your nose!” in order to get students to follow specific directions. This technique is based on the idea that humans have a natural tendency to respond physically to commands that they hear.
The TPR approach is often used in conjunction with other methods, such as beat gestures (clapping out a rhythm or moving to the beat) and visual aids (showing pictures or demonstrating actions). It can be used with students of all ages, but it is particularly well-suited for young children and beginners who are just starting to learn a new language.
The History of TPR
Total physical response is a language teaching method built around the coordination of speech and motor movement. It was developed by James Asher, a professor of psychology at San Jose State University, in the 1960s.
The theory behind TPR is that it is easier for students to learn a new language when they are actively engaged in physical activity. This theory is based on the work of Lev Vygotsky, a Soviet psychologist who argued that children learn best through play and social interaction.
TPR has been used extensively in foreign language instruction, particularly with beginning students. It has also been used to teach English to speakers of other languages (TESOL). Many TPR activities can be easily incorporated into any language classroom, and there is a growing body of research on the effectiveness of TPR for second language acquisition.
The Benefits of TPR
TPR, or Total Physical Response, is a language teaching method developed in the 1960s by James Asher. It is based on the premise that humans are instinctively predisposed to imitate the actions of others.
TPR is an immersive approach that engages both the body and the mind. Students are actively involved in the learning process, using their bodies to respond to commands and movement. This kinesthetic involvement facilitates language acquisition by activating the motor cortex, which is responsible for movement and coordination.
TPR has been shown to be an effective method for teaching both first and second languages. It is particularly useful for beginners, as it provides a concrete context for new vocabulary and grammar structures. TPR can also be used with more advanced learners to provide a review or reinforcement of material that has already been learned.
There are many benefits of using TPR in the classroom. In addition to being an effective language teaching tool, TPR can also promote student engagement and motivation, as well as physical activity. Research has shown that students who are physically active during their lessons are more likely to be engaged and motivated to learn. TPR can also help build student confidence by providing a non-threatening environment in which to practice new language skills.
How to Implement TPR in the Classroom
Assuming you are referring to Total Physical Response (TPR), below is an excerpt from an article that explains how to implement TPR in the classroom:
“TPR is a language teaching method built around the coordination of speech and physical movement. It is designed to take advantage of the fact that, for many language learners, speaking and understanding spoken language comes more easily when they are also involved in some kind of physical activity.
TPR was first developed by James Asher, a professor of psychology at San Jose State University, in the 1960s. Since then, it has been used with success in a wide variety of settings, including public schools, private language schools, and even home-schooling environments.
One of the most appealing things about TPR is its simplicity. There is no need for expensive materials or advance preparation. All that is required is a teacher who is willing to be creative and build lessons around activities that involve movement.
While TPR can be used with learners of any age, it is especially well-suited for use with young children who have not yet developed the ability to sit still and pay attention for long periods of time. Even older children and adults who are new to a language can benefit from the physical engagement that TPR entails.”