What is an Individualized Education Program?

An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a document that is developed for each public school student who is eligible for special education services.

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Introduction

What is an IEP?

An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a plan developed to address the unique learning needs of a student who has been identified with a disability. The IEP is developed by a team that includes the student’s parents, teachers, and other school personnel who are familiar with the student’s strengths and weaknesses. The IEP team will develop Goals and Objectives for the student that are specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time-based.

Who is eligible for an IEP?

An IEP is an educational program that is individualized to fit the needs of a student with a disability. The law requires that each student’s IEP be designed to meet his or her unique needs. In order to be eligible for an IEP, a student must:
-have a disability that affects his or her ability to learn
-need special education and related services in order to benefit from school

The IEP Process

An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a plan developed by a team of educators, parents, and other professionals to address a student’s unique learning needs. The IEP process begins with an evaluation to identify the student’s strengths and weaknesses. Based on the evaluation results, the IEP team decides what goals the student will work on and what services the student will receive.

Initial Evaluation

After you contact the school district to request an evaluation, the school has 30 calendar days to set up an appointment for an Individualized Education Program (IEP) meeting. The IEP meeting is also known as the eligibility meeting. During this meeting, the school team will review all of the information they have collected on your child and make a determination if your child is eligible for special education services. If they determine that your child is not eligible for services, they will provide you with a written notice that explains their decision and the reasons for their decision.

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Development of the IEP

The development of the IEP is a collaborative process among the student’s parents or guardians, teachers, and other school personnel who are knowledgeable about the student’s needs. The IEP team meets to discuss the student’s progress and identify goals for the coming year.

Implementation of the IEP

After the IEP is developed, it is implemented by the school. This means that the services and accommodations laid out in the IEP are put into place. The IEP is reviewed at least once a year to make sure that it still meets the student’s needs and that the student is making progress. If the student is not making progress, the IEP can be revised.

IEP Goals

An Individualized Education Program is a document that is developed for each public school student who is eligible for special education services. The IEP is created through a team effort and is reviewed and revised as needed.

Short-Term Goals

Short-term IEP goals are those that the student is expected to achieve within a 12-month period. These goals should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and time-bound (SMART). They should also be aligned with the student’s long-term goals.

Long-Term Goals

Long-term goals are those that will take more than one year to achieve. They should be specific and measurable, and should be based on your child’s needs. Long-term goals should be reviewed and revised as necessary.

IEP Review and Revision

Annual Review

The Annual Review is a meeting that is required by federal and state regulations to discuss your child’s progress, review his or her IEP, and make any necessary revisions. The meeting must be held at least once a year, but it can be scheduled more often if needed. Every student who has an IEP must have an Annual Review at least once a year.

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Reevaluation

Reevaluation is the process used to determine if a student continues to meet the eligibility criteria for special education services. If it is determined that the student no longer meets the eligibility criteria, special education services will be discontinued. A student’s Individualized Education Program (IEP) must be reviewed at least once every three years to determine if the student continues to need special education services, although a reevaluation may occur more often if requested by the student’s parents or school district.

Conclusion

An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a legal document that is developed for students who have been identified as having a disability. The IEP outlines the student’s goals and the services that will be provided to help the student meet those goals. The IEP is developed by a team of people that includes the student’s parents, teachers, and other school personnel.

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